Stay indoors if possible. If you must go outside, wear protective gear–such as hats, mittens and gloves–in addition to a warm coat. Always protect your lungs with a scarf.
Watch for signs of frostbite, which include loss of feeling or pale appearance of fingers, toes or face.
Watch for signs of hypothermia, which include uncontrollable shivering, memory loss, drowsiness and exhaustion.
Understand the hazards of wind chill. As wind speed increases, heat is carried away from a person’s body more rapidly and could lead to severe hypothermia.
Remove clothing if it gets damp or wet. Wet clothing can make you more prone to hypothermia. Weather-proof doors and windows to trap heat inside your home.
Check heating units. Poorly operating or damaged heating units can release carbon monoxide gas. Test carbon monoxide detectors for proper operation and battery life.
Check on family, friends and neighbors who are at risk and may need additional assistance. Watch pets closely and keep them indoors when possible. Animals can suffer from hypothermia, frostbite and other cold weather injuries.
Check and restock your emergency preparedness kit. If you don’t have a kit, make one.
Minimize travel. If travel is necessary, keep a full tank of gas and an emergency preparedness kit in your vehicle. Put warm clothing–such as gloves, blankets and hats–in your kit in case you become stranded.